Almonds are a quite demanding crop; split nitrogen application (half in spring and half in summer) is more efficient than a single shot in the spring. Potassium is very important for good, consistent almond production. It strongly positively affects fruit size, and K deficiency decreases fruit production on the following year. Annual K2O maintenance rate is around 225-270 kg/ha. Summer leaf analysis, is an important mineral nutrition tool of this crop. Almonds are sensitive to excessive salts, especially at leaf Na ≥0.30%, and leaf Cl ≥1.79%.They grow best in areas with cool and wet winters, followed by a mild spring, a warm and dry summer and a mild fall. The tree is relatively cold-hardy, it requires chilling temperatures during winter dormancy for normal spring growth and flowering.